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4:10, 16 August 2018

Qatar Comes to Help of Turkey, Offering $15 Billion Lifeline


Qatar Comes to Help of Turkey, Providing $15 Billion Lifeline

Qatar Comes to Help of Turkey, Providing $15 Billion Lifeline

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The American pastor Andrew Brunson was placed below residence arrest at his residence in Izmir, Turkey, last month after becoming released from prison.CreditEmre Tazegul/Related Press

By Jack Ewing and Carlotta Gall

ISTANBUL &mdash Turkey won a measure of international help in its increasingly tense standoff with the United States on Wednesday when Qatar provided a comparatively tiny but symbolically essential economic lifeline.

Qatar pledged to invest $15 billion in Turkey soon after a lunch in Ankara, Turkey&rsquos capital, in between President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, the emir of Qatar, representatives of each governments said.

The sum is a little fraction of what Turkey would want to shore up its faltering economy or pay its dollar debts, which have grow to be increasing unsustainable following a sharp decline in the Turkish lira.

But the promise of investment was trumpeted by the Turkish news media as a victory for Mr. Erdogan on the same day that Turkey rejected a second legal appeal to release the American pastor Andrew Brunson. Turkey also sharply raised tariffs on American goods on Wednesday, as it pushed back against pressure from the United States.

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A currency exchange post in Istanbul. The imposition of American tariffs has contributed to an economic crisis in Turkey, such as a sharp loss in value for the lira.CreditChris Mcgrath/Getty Pictures

Washington ordered monetary sanctions against the Turkish interior minister and justice minister following Turkey prolonged Mr. Brunson&rsquos detention in July. Days later, the Turkish lira began its precipitous fall, worsened by Mr. Trump&rsquos announcement of added tariffs.

Jeffrey Hovenier, the American charg&eacute d&rsquoaffaires in Turkey, posted on Twitter on Monday that he had visited Mr. Brunson and his wife, Norine, at their property. He named on the Turkish authorities to resolve the situations of the Americans and the 3 consular staff in &ldquoa fair and transparent manner.&rdquo

Most of the detainees were swept up in the government crackdown following the failed coup and are accused of possessing hyperlinks to the movement of Fethullah Gulen, the Islamist preacher who lives in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania. He is accused by the Turkish government of instigating the coup try, a charge that he denies.

Turkey has requested Mr. Gulen&rsquos extradition from the United States, but Washington has not moved on the request. Diplomats concur that Mr. Gulen&rsquos followers were amongst the leaders of the coup attempt but say there is little evidence of Mr. Gulen&rsquos involvement that would satisfy a court.

American officials have accused Turkey of detaining the American citizens and consular staff as leverage in the dispute.

Among those in prison is Serkan Golge, 38, a NASA analysis scientist who was vacationing with relatives in Turkey in the summer season of 2016. Mr. Golge was convicted in February of possessing links with a terrorist organization, the Gulen movement, and sentenced to seven and a half years in prison.

Washington has mentioned that he was convicted with out credible proof, although the Turkish government has defended his trial and sentence. Mr. Golge is attractive. His wife, Kubra, also a Turkish-American, is barred from traveling outside Turkey.

Another Turkish-American couple who work at a private university in western Turkey have been sentenced to ten years in prison, also for hyperlinks to a terrorist organization. The husband, a organization administrator, remains in higher-safety detention at the Sincan prison complicated, where Mr. Brunson spent some of his detention.

The wife, who asked that their names not be published for fear of affecting their situations, has been released pending appeal because she has a small child. If their sentences are upheld by the Supreme Court, she will have to serve her term in prison.

Others who have been prosecuted contain two brothers from Pennsylvania: Ismail Kul, a chemistry professor at Widener University and his brother, Mustafa Kul, a actual-estate agent. They were arrested in August 2016 at their house in Bursa, in northwest Turkey, in the course of a summer season trip. They have been accused of being members of the Gulen movement and of playing a part in the failed coup.

Ismail Kul had lived in the United States because 1994, received a master&rsquos degree and doctorate from Clemson University in South Carolina and owns two patents in the United States, according to his r&eacutesum&eacute.

At his trial, which is continuing, Mr. Kul admitted realizing Mr. Gulen but exposed the shakiness of the government&rsquos charges when he explained that it was a member of the governing Justice and Development Celebration, Ahmet Aydin, the deputy chairman of Parliament, who first took him to meet the cleric.

&ldquoIn 2010, I met Ahmet Aydin at a culture festival in Philadelphia,&rdquo Mr. Kul told the court, the nationalist every day newspaper Sozcu reported in January. &ldquoI had breakfast with him and his detail,&rdquo he was quoted as saying. &ldquoThey told me that they will see Gulen and suggested that I accompany them. That&rsquos how I met Fethullah Gulen. Soon after that, I visited Gulen four or five occasions.&rdquo

Of the Turkish employees of the American consular mission, Hamza Ulucay, who had worked for 36 years in the American Consulate in Adana, in southeastern Turkey, was detained in February 2017 and indicted on a charge of having contacts with the Gulen movement and the outlawed Kurdistan Workers&rsquo Party, known as the P.K.K. His trial is continuing.

Two other employees of the American Consulate in Istanbul had been also detained and have yet to be indicted. Metin Topuz, who has worked at the mission for the Drug Enforcement Administration for more than 20 years, was arrested on charges equivalent to these against Mr. Ulucay in October.

Days following Mr. Topuz&rsquos arrest, the Istanbul police searched the house of a third employee, Mete Canturk, who has also worked for years at the Istanbul consulate. Mr. Canturk has given that been placed under house arrest.

A version of this article seems in print on , on Web page Aten of the New York edition with the headline: As Turkey&rsquos Economic Struggles Continue, Qatar Provides a $15 Billion Lifeline. Order Reprints | These days&rsquos Paper | Subscribe

Connected Coverage

Why Turkey&rsquos Crisis Feels Familiar for Emerging Markets: It&rsquos the Debt

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Americans Jailed Following Failed Coup in Turkey Are Hostages to Politics

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Trump Hits Turkey When It&rsquos Down, Doubling Tariffs

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Published at Thu, 16 Aug 2018 01:57:20 +0000


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